Dwarf pomegranate keeping conditions

Pomegranate is attractive and unusual foliage, and the ability to bear fruit, and also does not take much space on the windowsill. My mother has had one of these for almost a year – it bloomed, bore fruit this summer, and generally feels great.

I will say right away that in our experience, there were no temperature measurements or required conditions for the dormancy period – care as for an ordinary indoor plant, of course, with less activity during the winter months. The pomegranate was growing on a glazed balcony facing west, and with the onset of cold weather was moved into the room. Now, by the end of winter, it has already begun to build up new branches, but because of the lack of a dormant period, it may not bloom this summer.

Care of the indoor pomegranate

If there is an opportunity to keep the dwarf pomegranate outdoors in the summer, such as on a balcony or in the garden, it is better to take advantage of it: the plant will develop healthier and more beautiful.

How to take care of the pomegranate

Light

The more the better. Fruiting plants in general do not like to feel deficient, and the pomegranate will be happy with any window, except the northern one. Don’t forget the shade from direct rays: the younger the plant, the more dangerous the midday hours are for it.

Temperature

The optimal temperature during the growth period is 20-25 °C. The pomegranate may drop its leaves in the heat. If the summer temperature is higher than recommended, the bush can be sprayed to help it tolerate the heat.

As the fruit ripens, the temperature should preferably be lowered to 12-16 °C. From November to March the plant goes into a dormant period and if possible during this time it should be at a temperature of 10 to 12 °C, but never under 6 °C. At this time, the pomegranate may drop its leaves – don’t be alarmed. Plants up to 3 years of age should not be put into dormancy but should be kept at 12-16 °C.

Substrate

The soil for keeping pomegranates at home should be light and have a neutral acid-alkaline reaction (pH=7) – in its natural environment, it grows in poor soils. Ours developed in all-purpose soil with claydite drainage. Flower stores also sell special substrates for growing pomegranates.

The first three years the bush is transplanted every spring, after that – once every 2-3 years. The size of the pot should be small, otherwise the plant may refuse to bear fruit. With each subsequent transplanting, increase the diameter by no more than 2-3 cm.

Watering

The frequency of watering varies with the temperature: the colder it is, the less often. During the dormant period once every 1.5-2 months is enough, after it the frequency is gradually increased, moistening the ground lump as the top layer dries up. During flowering, care should be taken: in natural conditions, the pomegranate flowers in drought, so excessive watering can cause the plant to drop flowers. After flowering, on the other hand, the need for water increases. Another important point is that excessive watering during fruiting can cause the fruit to crack. Throughout the year, make sure that no water remains in the tray: the roots need to breathe.

Feeding

Fertilize the dwarf pomegranate no more than 2 times a month (scarce soil, remember?). In spring, when the dormancy period is over, nitrogen fertilizer is suitable, during flowering – phosphorus, during the fruiting period – potassium fertilizer. Along with the fall decrease in temperature, the frequency of fertilizers is gradually reduced, stopping their application by the dormancy period, when the fruits are ripe.

Crown formation

The best time for pruning is in February, when the new leaves have not yet appeared. No more than 5 internodes should be left on the branches, 4-5 shoots remain the main, skeletal ones. If necessary, you can correct the shape of the dwarf pomegranate in summer, but the flowers appear on the new shoots – if you carry out pruning, you can not wait for the fruit by the fall.