As a rule, experience in gardening grows in proportion to one’s knowledge of mosquito repellents. Rarely are lucky enough to have a plot so lucky that they have not personally experienced all the “pleasures” of invading mosquitoes, gadflies, flies, midges and other small flying creatures. Fortunately, they have a sense of smell, and some plants can discourage visitors to your property.
The reason for this is essential oils that are secreted by parts of the plant – they are natural repellents. In hot weather, the release of essential oils increases and their repellent effect increases. But do not be fooled, though: planting flowers that are unpleasant for insects will not give you 100% confidence that uninvited guests will not come to you. The concentration of essential oils is not high enough to create an irresistible barrier, although there will be a certain effect.
In addition to this measure, it is desirable to eliminate any sources of standing water on the site, where the insects breed.
Repellents in the Apothecary Garden
Repels flies and mosquitoes. Place pots of basil on the porch or near where you like to spend time outdoors. The spice is good in salads and makes a great addition to soups and second courses of pork and chicken. The plant can also be used to make a natural repellent:
- Pour 2-3 parts of washed fresh basil leaves (without stems) in 2 parts of boiling water and infuse for several hours.
- Remove the leaves, squeezing the remaining juice into an infusion, and dilute the resulting composition with 2 parts vodka (you can take any cheap one).
Keep repellent in refrigerator and spray before going outdoors. Avoid contact with mucous membranes.
Fragrant flowers repel not only moths but also flies, fleas, moths, and mosquitoes. For centuries, it has been used for this purpose by hanging small bouquets by the front door and placing them on clothes stored in closets and trunks – you can do the same.
Oil extract of lavender flowers can be applied to the exposed parts of the body before going out into the garden or on the veranda.
Lemongrass essential oil is included in candle repellents. The plant has a fast growth rate and is used for culinary purposes as a spice and as a fragrant additive to tea. In the middle belt of Russia, cymbopogon can be grown as an annual in the open ground or in containers in a well ventilated place.
Effective against mosquitoes. This winter-hardy plant readily adapts to stony soil, arid climates, and sparse soil as long as the place is well sunlit. It is also grown as a condiment in pots in the kitchen and as a decoration for an alpine hill.
Lemon thyme by itself will not repel mosquitoes – for this you need to cut a couple of stems and crush them with the leaves in the palms of your hands. However, before doing this, it is better to make sure that it is not your allergen: rub the kneaded leaves on a small area on the inner side of the forearm and wait a few days.
The stems, leaves, and flowers release essential oils that are unpleasant to mosquitoes. If you place mint among other plants, you will also protect them from some insects. It is better to grow it in containers – it spreads very quickly on the site.
Repels mosquitoes and a number of insects that affect vegetable crops. Suitable for keeping in containers and widely used as a condiment. To prepare a natural repellent, pour 1 part dry rosemary in 1 part boiling water for 20-30 minutes, then squeeze the liquid from the parts of the plant in a separate container in 1 part room temperature water. Keep the product in the refrigerator and spray it on clothing before going outdoors. If the smell of the repellent has become weaker, it is better to prepare a new one.
- Laurel. It repels flies. And leaves from the kitchen bush make dishes much more flavorful than dried leaves from the condiment department at the store.
- Onion cutterbug. Unpalatable to carrot flies, Japanese cricket and aphids.
- Dill. Effective against aphids, kraevik, spider mite, cabbage moth and tomato moth.
- Fennel – against flies, slugs and snails.
- Melissa medicinalis does not like mosquitoes.
- Oregano. Repels many pests, is great as a groundcover and gets along well with peppers.
- Parsley. Helps in the fight against cracks.
- Thyme. Helps to get rid of whitefly, cabbage moth, tomato moth and turnip moth.
Repellents among ornamental plants
Beautiful tall alliums can be called a broad-spectrum insecticide. Many pests that affect vegetable crops, including slugs, aphids, carrot flies and cabbage moths, will not want to go near this plant. Allium will be a beneficial neighbor for tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi and carrots. It will also protect rose bushes from aphid infestations. The genus Allium is represented by the onion and chives, garlic, leeks and shallots that we know well.
Parts of these flowers contain substances used in repellents, insecticides and flea shampoos – pyrethrins. Cockroaches, ants, Japanese crickets, mites, scales, lice, fleas, bed bugs, spider mites, harlequin bugs and root nematodes hate chrysanthemums.
The smell of these flowers repels aphids, mosquitoes and even rabbits. The roots have long been used by farmers as a remedy for root nematodes, although the result will show after a year. The flowers are quite compact, and they can be planted not only in the flower bed, but also close to vegetable crops and other plants – the velvetveteen can stimulate their growth, especially roses.
Nasturtium essential oils are disliked by whiteflies, speckles, aphids, cabbage moths and many beetles. The plant can be grown in close proximity to other flowers that are most vulnerable to these pests, or vegetables – tomatoes, cucumbers, kale, kohlrabi, leaf and common cabbage, broccoli and radishes. In addition, bumblebees are not bothered by nasturtiums.
It will help to chase away aphids, tomato moths, codling beetles, cicadas, and redstarts from the plot. Plants are popular mainly because of their attractive colors and unpretentiousness – even a novice gardener will cope with them without problems. Petunia prefers sunny placement, and the neighborhood with it is especially useful for legumes, tomatoes, peppers and basil.
Other ornamental repellent plants
- Lantana – repels mosquitoes
- Mirabilis jalapa – attracts and poisons the Japanese cricket
- Pelargonium – effective against cicadas
- Narcissus – helps to control moles