A British horticultural company recently introduced an amazing tomato plant. As its name implies, it actually bears both tomatoes and potatoes at the same time. But it is not a full hybrid because it produces two types of fruit. This is not the first time scientists have managed to create something strange. Today, you can find many results of similar crossbreeding experiments with fruits and vegetables in stores.
Plums and apricots belong to the same genus, so for Floyd Seiger, a biologist from Nebraska, USA, it was not difficult to cross them. To date, several varieties of pluots have been bred, and it is safe to say that 13 years after the creation of the hydride, its fruits have found a wide audience of buyers.
However, Seiger was not the first to think of creating a hybrid of apricot and plum. Luther Burbank, the owner of fruit plantations, was concerned about the idea more than a century ago. However, the insufficient level of genetic development did not allow to get exactly the result that was needed. Plumkots spoiled faster than they could reach the consumer’s table, so it was not profitable to sell them in stores and transport them over long distances.
The closest in taste and consistency to this hybrid is lime. Rangpur takes its name from the city in Bangladesh where it was first grown. It is also called the Cantonese lemon in China. The fruit is highly prized by foodies, and in Costa Rica it is even more popular than lemons and limes.
This fruit is a hybrid of tangerine and grapefruit or pomelo, bred in 1911 by biologist Walter Swingle. Compared to the usual tangerine, the tangelo is much larger and juicier.
5. Blood Lime
Blood-red oranges are known to everyone, but many people are unaware of the existence of other citrus fruits of this color. Unlike the usual lime, this “magical fruit” is not as sour and does not have such a pronounced bitterness.
6. Ugly Fruit
That’s the name traders originally gave the Jamaican tangelo, but the Cabel Hall Citrus Company crossed it with other citrus fruits to create its own version, with a pomeranian and a hybrid of grapefruit and tangerine, giving it a distinctive flavor and aroma.
In Britain, many people enjoy picking blackcurrants and raspberries in the summer, so in 1979, gardeners decided to combine the two berries into one – the Tayberry. Remarkably, it is not possible to automate the picking of this berry, so it is not grown on an industrial scale.
Rafanobrassica is a hybrid of cabbage and radish bred by Soviet agronomist Georgy Dmitrievich Karpechenko in the 10-20s of the last century. The root crop was not popular because it was not distinguished by high consumer characteristics, so today no one remembers it anymore.
The flavor of the lime and kumquat hybrid is softened by the inherent acidity of the citrus, and its peel is softer and sweeter, although it makes up a fairly large percentage of the fruit’s weight. Like tangelo, limequat was bred by Walter Swingle.
This grapefruit-like citrus from East Asia meets mandarin and papeda. Yuzu is used in Japanese and Korean cuisine in the preparation of ponzu sauce. In the West, the hybrid is much less popular.
Anyone who tastes yoghurt will assume that it is a hybrid of gooseberry and black currant. And, in general, he will be right: both species are involved in obtaining a cultivar of this berry – Ribes x nidigrolaria. Although yosta really isn’t bad for its taste, in the 36 years of this hybrid’s existence, no one has ever been able to establish an industrial harvest of it.