The first steps of indoor floriculture (part 1)

In my opinion, a room without flowers is an impersonal room. Even if its decoration will be decorated in an elegant style, if in the whole set of decor and furniture there are no plants, there is nothing to catch the eye. And vice versa, even one small green spot on the windowsill immediately creates a feeling of harmony and coziness. If you have never had to deal with flowers, landscaping a room can seem like an impossible task. But taking care of houseplants is not difficult at all – just start with the most unpretentious species and follow some simple tips.

Which plants are right for your window

Perhaps the only factor in indoor floriculture that cannot be changed is the orientation of the windows. It will inevitably have to be adjusted to. Plants get the least amount of light at the northern window, so shade-loving species such as Chlorophytum or Tradescantia are best suited for it. Universally considered as a window with an eastern and western orientation – on them feel comfortable most room flowers, such as pelargonium or zamiokulkas. Well, on windowsills facing south, will be especially grateful to his master cacti and succulents, resistant to the scorching sun. So, popular and known in the people as mother-in-law’s tongue sanss√©vieria spectacularly decorate your interior, not demanding much attention in return.

But with the desire to place the first plants in the back of the room is better to wait: not every room has enough light for normal development and, even more so, flowering.

What you need to breed flowers

The answer is banal: pots and soil. But their range is enormous, and the choice depends on what kind of plants you have chosen for yourself. For flowers with a shallow root system (senpolias, echeverias), wide flat containers are preferable. For others – with large roots (chlorophytum), a bulb (amaryllis) or a tuber (zamiokulkas) – you should choose deep pots.

You may think that it is better to buy a bigger container at once, so that you don’t have to transplant again soon. The truth is that this is not a good idea: the new container must not be much bigger than the old one, otherwise the plant will stop growing for a long time, and the stagnant water in the space not developed by the roots can have a negative effect on their health and even the life of the flower.

Plants from flower stores should preferably be transplanted immediately after purchase: they usually come in cramped pots with soil of questionable quality.

The presence of a hole in the pot is mandatory: through it the excess water flows out, which reduces the risk of root rot if you overwater. At the bottom lay a layer of drainage – expanded clay, stones or sand. Then you can proceed directly to planting. Here, the manufacturers of soil have greatly simplified the task for beginners. Different types of soil are labeled by plant groups, so you can easily find in the store special soil for begonias or palms.

A sure sign that it is time to repot the flower is the roots protruding from the drainage hole. This is usually two to three years after the last procedure.

Plants for beginners

So, with the possibilities of your windowsill you have already figured out, it’s time to move on to the most interesting. There are two main groups of the most unpretentious plants:

plants for beginners

  • Shade hollow and shade-loving – ficus, trudescantia, begonia, ivy, croton, fern, spatifillum, clivia, anthurium, monster, aucuba, aspidistra, stonefly, plectranthus, sansevieria;

Shade hollow and shade-loving – ficus, trudescantia, begonia, ivy, croton, fern, spatifillum, clivia, anthurium, monster, aucuba, aspidistra, stonefly, plectranthus, sansevieria;

  • Drought and sun-tolerant cacti and other succulents – aloe, zigocactus (aka decacristus), thrush, agave, opuntia, rebucia, echinopsis, crassula (including the money tree).

Drought and sun-tolerant cacti and other succulents – aloe, zigocactus (aka decacristus), thrush, agave, opuntia, rebucia, echinopsis, crassula (including the money tree).

In addition to decorative qualities indoor plants have useful properties: filtering the air during the photosynthesis process, they clean it of harmful compounds, increase humidity in the room, and some of them – such as geraniums – also act as antiseptics and sources of essential oils, beneficial effects on the body.

As you can see, the choice of plants for beginners is huge – and this is not a complete list. However, if you are not yet confident in your abilities, do not immediately force the entire windowsill with flowers. Start with one or two specimens. The next ones will be much easier!

In the following article, you’ll learn how to avoid basic mistakes in caring for houseplants.